Smaller, faster, better - but is it nanotechnology?
The BCS/IEE Turing lecture in 2002 was presented by Professor Mark E Welland, Professor of Nanotechnology at University of Cambridge.
After graduating from Leeds in 1979 and a PhD at Bristol, Mark Welland worked at the Garching Max Planck Institute and the IBM T J Watson Research Laboratory.
He pioneered atomic level resolution scanning tunnel microscopy and invented the scanning probe microscope, two key enablers for one of today's hottest engineering topics, nanotechnology.
Welland joined the Cambridge Engineering department in 1986 and is today Professor of Nanotechnology. His primary interest is to apply his understanding of nano-scale science to solving interesting problems - ranging from nano-particulate inhalation influence on tumour formation to the fabrication of novel optical, molecular, electronic and magnetic nano-structures into practical devices for next generation products.
Mark directs the new IRC for nanotechnology and the Cambridge interdisciplinary Centre for Nanotechnology. He advises several governments on nanotechnology policy and is Principal Investigator for numerous UK and EU grant awards.
His editorial activity spans six international journals across a notably catholic spectrum, including 'Lab on a Chip'. He nevertheless still finds time to teach and to reshape Cambridge's electrical and information science (EIST) course and his long-running micro-electronics MPhil (the first of its kind) continues to prepare many students for their own doctorates.
He has founded several companies, which manufacture products ranging from nano-actuators to bio-sensor protein sequencing machines, and his magnetic storage discoveries have attracted substantial venture capital funding.