Hybrid Systems for Practical Artificial Intelligence

Date/Time: 
Thursday 21 May 2015, 5.30pm - 7.30pm

Venue:
Room 7139, Stoddart Building, City Campus, Sheffield Hallam University, Howard Street, Sheffield, S1 1WB

Speaker:
Professor Adrian Hopgood, Pro Vice-Chancellor and Dean of Sheffield Business School, Sheffield Hallam University

Abstract

A wide range of techniques has emerged from the field of artificial intelligence including rules, frames, model-based reasoning, case-based reasoning, Bayesian updating, fuzzy logic, multiagent systems, swarm intelligence, genetic algorithms, and neural networks.

They are all ingenious and useful in narrow contexts. It will be argued in this presentation that a truly intelligent system needs to draw on a variety of these approaches within a hybrid system. Five distinct ways to enhance or complement one technique with another will be identified. The blackboard model, in particular, will be highlighted as a viable mechanism to achieve these benefits. Several practical examples of hybrids will be presented, ranging from medical diagnosis to the control of specialised manufacturing processes.

Speaker

Professor Adrian Hopgood joined Sheffield Hallam University in 2011, having previously worked for De Montfort University, Nottingham Trent University, and the Open University. He also has industrial experience with Telstra Research Laboratories in Melbourne, Australia and Systems Designers PLC (now part of Hewlett-Packard). Professor Hopgood has supervised 17 PhD projects to completion and published over 100 papers. His text book "Intelligent Systems for Engineers & Scientists" is ranked as a bestseller and the third edition was published in 2012. He is a visiting professor at the Open University, Fellow of the British Computer Society, Chartered Engineer, and a panellist for the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). He holds a doctorate from the University of Oxford and a bachelor's degree from the University of Bristol.