Summary of key findings

Equality and inclusion - key facts

  • In 2016 just over one half (51%) of the population (aged 16 and above) were women, 23% were disabled, 45% were aged 50 and above and 12% were of non-white ethnicity.
  • By comparison, just 17% of IT specialists were female, 8% were disabled, 21% were from older age groups and 17% were from ethnic minorities.
  • Levels of inclusion in IT have improved slightly in recent years with respect to age and ethnicity though the changes mirror those within the labour market as a whole.
  • Whilst inclusion levels amongst those in employment tend to be lower for these groups, unemployment rates instead are seen to be higher amongst IT specialists that are disabled, older or from ethnic minority groups.

Equality and inclusion in the workforce

  • IT specialists from minority groups are more likely than others to be in non-permanent employment and those in temporary positions are more than twice as likely to be so employed as they could not find permanent work.
  • IT specialists from minority groups are generally more likely than others to be self-employed and this was particularly the case for older workers in such positions.
  • IT specialists from minority groups are less likely than other workers to be employed in MSMEs or Tech businesses and this is particularly the case for women in IT roles.
  • Non-white IT workers were more than twice as likely to be in part-time employment as white counterparts as they were unable to find full-time work.
  • IT specialists earn 36% more per week than employees as a whole and those from minority groups are more highly paid still. However, earnings for female IT workers are 11% below that of males and earnings for disabled IT specialists are 13% below those without disabilities.
  • Just under three quarters (70%) of all IT specialists have an HE level qualification rising to nine in ten (87%) of those from ethnic minorities. Amongst those with disabilities the proportion is much lower at just six in ten (59%).
  • Whilst 17% of IT specialists hold an IT degree the figure amongst minority groups is lower (13%) and amongst female IT specialists in particular just 8% have a degree in an IT discipline.
  • The overall match between the level of skills held/needed by IT specialists is lower than the workplace norm (63% versus 68%) and is lower still amongst minority workers in IT. This is a particular issue amongst older, disabled and, to a lesser degree, female IT specialists of which one fifth or more are thought to be under educated/skilled in their job.
  • Overall, IT specialists from minority groups are less likely to find work from existing staff than others in IT positions.